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Windows Server Remotedesktopservices/en



The Remote Desktop Services (formerly Terminal Services) provide technologies, with which users from a corporate network or the Internet can access session-based desktops, virtual machines based desktops and applications in the data center. The Remote Desktop Services enable a faithful impression of the desktop or the applications and allows remote users to setup secure connections via managed or unmanaged devices.

Hetzner offers appropriate licenses on a "per user" basis, but is only responsible for adding the license and activating the license server. Installing the required roles and their configuration must therefore be carried out in advance by the client.

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The Windows Server 2008 R2 problem-poor stand alone operation without AD with local License Manager and Session Host is no longer readily available in Windows 2012 as there is no configuration option in the Server Manager for linking license manager and session host.

Such a setup can therefore only be configured in a roundabout way:

  • Add Roles and Features
    • Remote Desktop Services
      • Remote Desktop Session Host
      • Remote Desktop Licensing Server

Afterwards the below described changes need to be done within the Control Panel -> Group Policy

Local Computer Policy -> Computer Configuration -> Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> Remote Desktop Services -> Remote Desktop Session Host -> Licensing
Use the specified RD license servers = <servername>
Set the Remote Desktop licensing mode = Per User


In some cases a fully functional remote desktop session host cannot find its license server and quits with the following message:

The remote session was disconnected because there are no Remote Desktop Licence Servers available to provide a licence. Please contact the server administrator

The solution is to delete the REG_BINARY value within the registry at the below path in order to have only the default value available:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\RCM\GracePeriod

(you must take ownership and give admin users full control to be able to delete this key)


Microsoft Design Specifications

Starting with Windows Server 2008 R2 the licensing of CALs for the Remote Desktop service is done via a security group in Active Directory. The license server must be a member of this group, all terminal servers in the AD (Active Directory Domain Services) must use this license server.


  • Functioning and correctly Configured AD
  • The successful domainjoin of the host to be used as a license server


Please note that operation of AD and license server on the same host is not possible.

Installation of the Remote Desktop Services

  • Add Roles and Features
    • Remote Desktop Services installation
      • Quick Start
        • Session-based desktop deployment

After the installation is complete, the Server Manager can be used to add a license server via the "Remote Desktop Services" entry.

Remote Desktop Services -> Overview -> RD Licensing

After successful configuration the licensing mode can be set to "Per User", also via the Server Manager.

Remote Desktop Services -> Overview -> Deployment Overview -> Tasks -> Edit Deployment Properties.


Additional Notes

RDP login no longer possible after installation

Autoselected keyboard map de
ERROR: recv: Connection reset by peer

The error results from a change in the default setting after installation and subsequent reboot. In order to gain access again the following settings must be adjusted:

System and Security -> Allow Remotedesktopaccess -> Tab Remote
  x  Allow remote connections to this computer
 [ ] Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with Network Level Authentication (recommended)

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