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Dell-PowerEdge-Quickstart-Guide/en

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Dell PowerEdge Guide

How do I install an operating system?

Due to the customized nature of the Dell server, we do not offer to pre-install any operating systems, because we do not know what kind of RAID and hard drive configuration the client wants. This is why Dell servers are delivered with the Rescue System.

Once the server is online, you need to configure the RAID controller. After that, you can install one of the supported operating systems, either automatically via Robot or manually via the installimage. Alternatively, you could also mount your own ISO image and install an operating system using the KVM function.

Which Operating Systems are supported?

Operating System Generation Supported by DELL Image from Hetzner




Debian 8 12/13G

14G

Debian 9 12/13G

14G

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS 12/13G

14G

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS 12/13G

14G

Ubuntu 17.10 12/13G

14G

CentOS 7.5 12/13G

14G

Arch Linux 12/13G

14G

VMWare ESXi 6.0 12/13G DELL Image only

14G
VMWare ESXi 6.5 12/13G DELL Image only

14G
VMWare ESXi 6.7 12G

13G/14G DELL Image only

Windows Server 2008 R2 12/13G

14G

Windows Server 2012 R2 12/13G

14G

Windows Server 2016 12/13G

14G

  • 12G - PowerEdge R720 - DX150/DX290
  • 13G - PowerEdge R530/R730 - DX141 (R530)/DX151 (R730)/DX291 (R730)
  • 14G - PowerEdge R640 - DX152/DX292

What is the iDRAC?

The iDRAC (integrated Dell Remote Access Controller) is an integrated tool which can perform a multitude of configuration and maintenance tasks. By logging on to the iDRAC, you can fix many problems yourself immediately, instead of having to rely on our support staff.

How do I connect to the iDRAC?

How do I change the iDRAC password?

Forgot iDRAC password, what now?

If you have forgotten or misplaced your iDRAC password, you can reset it via the Hetzner Rescue System. To do this, simply start your server in the rescue system and execute the following command.

racadm set iDRAC.Users.2.Password MySuperSecretPassword

In the above example, your new iDRAC password for user "root" would now be "MySuperSecretPassword". If for some reason you cannot start the server in the rescue system, you can create a support request to reset the iDRAC password via the Robot.

Which firmware version is the latest?

Firmware R530 R720 R730 R640





BIOS 2.8.0 2.7.0 2.8.0 1.4.8
iDRAC with LCC 2.60.60.60 2.60.60.60 2.60.60.60 3.21.21.21
PERC 25.5.5.0005 21.3.5-0002 25.5.5.0005 25.5.5.0005
Backplane 2.25 1.00 2.25 2.17
Intel NIC 18.5.17 18.5.17 18.5.17 18.5.17
Broadcom NIC 20.8.4 20.8.4 20.8.4 20.8.4
  • BIOS version 2.6.1 for the R720 closes the Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753 and CVE-2017-5754)
  • BIOS version 2.7.1 for the R530/R730 closes Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753 and CVE-2017-5754)
  • BIOS version 1.3.7 for R640 closes Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753 and CVE-2017-5754)
  • BIOS version 2.7.0 for the R720 closes Spectre-NG vulnerability (CVE-2018-3639 and CVE-2018-3640)
  • BIOS version 2.8.0 for the R530/R730 closes Spectre-NG vulnerability (CVE-2018-3639 and CVE-2018-3640)
  • BIOS version 1.4.8 for the R640 closes Spectre-NG vulnerability (CVE-2018-3639 and CVE-2018-3640)
  • With iDRAC firmware 2.52.52.52 for R530/R720/R730 (12G/13G), and iDRAC firmware 3.18.18.18 for R640 (14G), critical vulnerabilities (CVE-2018-1207, CVE-2018-1211, and CVE-2018-1000116) have been fixed.

How do I see the drives?

When you receive your Dell server, it usually does not yet have a RAID configured. This is why you cannot see any logical drives, but only unconfigured drives. So don't worry, your drives are there. However, before you can install an operating system, you need to set up at least one logical drive by configuring the RAID controller. A peculiarity of the PowerEdge R640 is that the „NVMe disks“ are not displayed in the iDRAC9. Please note that the "NVMe disks" are also not connected to the RAID controller and therefore no hardware RAID is possible.

How do I configure my RAID controller?

A variety of options are available for configuring the controller. For example, you can use the iDRAC to configure a RAID. Since iDRAC8 you can configure it even during the runtime of your operating system. For the iDRAC7 a restart is necessary to activate the RAID configuration. The following articles show how to proceed with the different iDRAC revisions.

In addition, the command line tool „perccli“ is available in the Hetzner Rescue System. This can be used to manage the PERC controllers in special. The following is a simple example of a start configuration using „perccli“

  • First of all you have to consider which configuration you want to run on your hard disks. The controller offers you a variety of RAID levels and depending on how many disks you have installed, different RAID configurations are possible. In the following we assume that you want to create a RAID-1 over two hard disks. Please adjust the examples according to your needs. In the boxes for each step you will find the commands you need to enter in the Hetzner Rescue System .
  • First you need to find out some information about the hard drives:
perccli /c0/e32/sall show
  • The output will look similar to this one:
Drive Information:
=================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
EID:Slt DID State DG       Size Intf Med SED PI SeSz Model                Sp
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
32:0      0 UGood -  558.375 GB SAS  HDD N   N  512B ST600MP0005          U
32:1      1 UGood -  558.375 GB SAS  HDD N   N  512B ST600MP0005          U
32:2      2 UGood -  558.375 GB SAS  HDD N   N  512B ST600MP0005          U
32:3      3 UGood -  558.375 GB SAS  HDD N   N  512B ST600MP0005          U
32:4      4 UGood -    3.638 TB SATA HDD N   N  512B ST4000NM0035-1V4107  U
32:5      5 UGood -    3.638 TB SATA HDD N   N  512B HGST HUS726040ALA614 U
32:6      6 UGood -    1.818 TB SATA HDD N   N  512B ST2000NM0033-9ZM175  U
32:7      7 UGood -    1.818 TB SATA HDD N   N  512B ST2000NM0145-2DC104  U
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • From the output, please note the value „EID:Slt“ of the first two hard drives you want to use.
  • Then create the RAID with the following command:
perccli /c0 add vd type=raid1 drives=32:0-1
  • Here you simply enter the desired RAID level under "type", e.g. "type=raid1" for RAID-1 or "type=raid5" for RAID-5. For the attribute "drives" you specify the drives that you want to use in this RAID group. You can "combine" the entries, i.e. you do not have to explicitly specify both drives like (drives=32:0,32:1), but you can also specify them as "drives=32:0-1". In the example above we use the media with „Enclosure Device ID“ 32 and „Slot Number“ 0 and 1, please adjust this according to your output of perccli.
  • After adding a logical drive the initialization starts automatically. However, if the logical drive is not displayed in the operating system, the initialization of the logical drive must be started with „perccli /c0/v0 start init“ or in the RAID BIOS.
  • Now you can use the logical drives normally and partition or directly install an operating system on them.
  • A More detailed documentation about „perccli“ is available at the following link.

Can I use the drives without configuring RAID?

In the models based on the Dell PowerEdge R730 (DX151 and DX291), PowerEdge R640 (DX152 and DX292) and the Dell PowerEdge R530 (DX141), a JBOD-compatible controller is included (PERC H730/H730P/H330). In order to use the drives directly, as a so-called JBOD (just a bunch of drives) instead of a RAID, you must enable the JBOD mode of the controller and export the desired drive as JBOD.

# Only DX141, DX151, DX291, DX152 und DX292
#
# Activate JBOD in the Controller
perccli /c0 set jbod=on
# Make the drive in Slot 0 on „Enclosure“ 32 available as JBOD
perccli /c0/e32/s0 set jbod

In the models based on the Dell PowerEdge R720 (DX150 and DX290), you need to use a workaround because the built-in controller does not support JBOD directly. You can circumvent this limitation by configuring each drive as an individual RAID 0. That way, you essentially have a JBOD configuration. Please enter the following command in the Rescue System to achieve that configuration.

perccli /c0 add vd each r0

What is the KVM function and how do I use it?

The KVM function, more specifically the KVM over IP function, enables you to use the server over a network just as if you were directly in front of the machine with a screen, a keyboard, and a mouse directly attached. When you log on to the iDRAC, you see a preview of the current video output of the server on the right third of the website.

How do I turn my server on/off and how do I restart it?

You can either use the "Quick Launch Tasks" in the "Overview" of the iDRAC or you can use the menu entry "Power" of the KVM window.

How do I mount an ISO image?

How do I mount operating system images from the Hetzner Mirror or Storage Box?

How do I diagnose hardware problems?

Under Overview in the iDRAC, you will find a general summary of the condition of certain groups of server components under the heading Server Health. If there is a green check mark next to the group, everything is ok. If you would like to see details about a group of components or about an error that is displayed, just click on the group (for instance Fans). If you see an error, you can either check the technical manual whether or not it is a serious problem, or you include the error message when contacting the Hetzner support staff via Robot.

What is the Dell Open Manage System Administrator Suite (OMSA)?

OMSA enables you to perform certain hardware configuration tasks and to monitor the hardware directly through the operating system. You can find more information about OMSA at the Dell website and under linux.dell.com.

How do I use hardware monitoring?

The iDRAC provides operating system independent comprehensive monitoring of all system components.

In order to use the notification capabilities, a DNS name and a DNS domain need to be configured in the network settings of the iDRAC. To configure this, enter the webinterface and go to iDRAC Settings and then Network. Here, you can enter a domain that you managed under the static DNS domain name. For example:

  • DNS DRAC Name: idrac-hetzner-r720
  • Static DNS Domain name: example.com

The system will now send emails with the sender address <idrac-hetzner-r720@example.com>.

Now, you can both add destination email addresses and configure an SMTP server, all via the menu Alerts -> SNMP and E-mail Settings.

Here, you can enter email addresses to be notified of system events in the E-mail Alert 1 to E-mail Alert 4 fields.

Under SMTP (E-Mail) Server Address Settings, you need to configure the appropriate SMTP server.

Finally, by clicking on the button send, you can send a test email to the addresses you entered. If the email is temporarily not delivered (eg. due to greylisting) you will receive an error message. In this case, the email will be cached for later delivery.

How do I secure the iDRAC?

To secure the iDRAC against unauthorized access beyond just changing the password, you can configure IP filtering and blocking. It is possible to restrict access to either a single IP address or a range of IP addresses.

To configure this, enter the web interface and go to iDRAC Settings and then Network. Click on the link Advanced Settings. Here, you can enter an IP address and a subnet mask from which access is allowed. To limit access to a single IP address, enter 255.255.255.254 as the subnet mask (255.255.255.255 is not supported by the iDRAC). To allow access from a range of IP addresses, a subnet mask must be entered which, when combined with the IP address, contains all IP addresses from which access should be permitted.

SSH connections to the iDRAC are disabled on all Hetzner systems by default. Depending on your needs, you can activate ssh connections as well.

What kinds of memory configurations are available?

The Dell PowerEdge offers several configuration options for the system memory to suit for different applications and requirements. In the optimized default configuration, the full capacity and performance are offered. The ECC standard allows for single-bit errors to be corrected and multi-bit errors to be detected. For even greater demands beyond that, the following configurations are possible:

  • Memory Optimized mode (or Independent Channel mode) allows memory channels to run independently of each other; for example, one can be idle, one can be performing a write operation, and the other can be preparing for a read operation. Memory may be installed in one, two, three, or four channels. To fully realize the performance benefit of the memory optimized mode, all four channels per physical processor should be populated.
  • Mirroring - The memory content is kept redundantly. For maximum security, only half the storage capacity is available.
  • Advanced ECC - Additional error correction through more elaborate checks during memory access. The storage capacity is reduced by 33%. High performance, but less than with the optimized configuration.
  • Sparing - One bank is used as a spare. If one memory bank fails, the systems switches to the spare on the fly. The storage capacity is reduced by 33% to 50%.

Which hardware configurations are available?

You can find our current Dell offers on our website.

Which RAID controller does the server use?

The integrated PERC is a powerful enterprise class RAID controller.

  • DX152/DX292: PERC H730P with 2 GB cache (LSI SAS 3108)
  • DX151/DX291: PERC H730 with 1GB cache (LSI SAS 3108)
  • DX150/DX290: PERC H710 with 512MB cache (LSI SAS 2208)
  • DX141: PERC H330 (LSI SAS 3008)

The cache of the H710, H730 and H730P controllers is protected by BBU (Battery Backup Unit) and offers increased reliability and reliability.

Which RAID levels are supported?

  • DX152/DX292 with PERC H730P: JBOD, 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60
  • DX151/DX291 with PERC H730: JBOD, 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60
  • DX150/DX290 with PERC H710: 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60
  • DX141 with PERC H330: JBOD, 0, 1, 5, 10, 50

Where do I find additional information?

Dell PowerEdge R720

Dell offers an Owner's Manual (PDF) as well as a Technical Guide (PDF).

Dell PowerEdge R730

Dell offers an Owner's Manual (PDF).

Dell PowerEdge R530

Dell offers an Owner's Manual (PDF).

Dell PowerEdge R640

Dell offers an Owner's Manual (PDF).


Support

In order to process your support enquiries as quickly and efficiently as possible, please send your requests directly via the Robot administration interface.

Our goal is to answer your support requests about technical matters
within two hours.

Please note, however, that this goal is not legally-binding,
and therefore does not represent any contractual agreement. This 2-hour
goal is merely a guideline based on our experience, but it is one that
we strive to uphold.

To contact us via telephone, please check our website for the appropriate number: hetzner.com

If contacting our technicians in the datacenter directly (available 24/7), a telephone password is required to enable them to perform any work on the server.

An FAQ for our dedicated root servers can be found here: Dedicated Root Server FAQ
















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